The irresistible image of Hoi An
The ancient Hoi An firmly landed on a list of places to see right from the moment we started planning our Vietnam trip. From Lonely Planet to Frommers, from TripAdvisor to countless travel bloggers, it is one of the top destinations that seemingly appeals to a traveler of any age, budget or background. The iconic picture of yellow shophouses overlooking the water shares the top spot with an equally memorable photo of Halong Bay.
There is plenty of information about Hoi An around. Google the name, and you would get 10+ pages of reading; search Instagram, and you would get 1,5 million posts. This avalanche of words and pictures would keep you busy for a while. As the title implies, I have a different goal in mind.
The roots of Hoi An overtourism
With camera at hand, we set off for Hoi An. Little did we know… although we could guess that over-the-top promotion combined with the relatively small size of the place inevitably lead to Hoi An overtourism.
For better or worse, Vietnam authorities decided to push tourism to a higher level. Hoi An got caught in crosshairs of marketing and well-intended business development.
Results? The latest numbers I could find are from two years ago. In 2017, 3.2 million tourists visited Hoi An, a 21.66% increase from the previous year, according to Quang Nam Province Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism. The growth is good on paper. In reality, it quickly resulted in Hoi An overtourism.
Overtourism is the phenomenon of a popular destination or sight becoming overrun with tourists in an unsustainable way.
The term overtourism was barely used just a few years ago, but rapidly becoming a buzzword with countless articles and reports focused on addressing the issue of destinations being “loved to death.”
Despite the understanding of the importance of the issue among global tourism authorities, there is still disagreement and uncertainty on what overtourism means, and how to curb it.
Tourism has reached a point where either the hosts or guests and often both, are dissatisfied. The challenge is to make all destinations sustainable and to avoid spreading the problem. For local government and protected area managers, the key question is: Will the destination use tourism or be used by it? ( source: Responsible Tourism)
The notorious examples of overtourism are Barcelona and Venice. AT came up with a two-blocks-off strategy to address this phenomenon. We tried it in different cities all around the world, and it worked without fail. Tourists congregate in well-defined relatively small areas. Turning back to the crowds and walk a block or two in the opposite direction opens an entirely different world.
The uniqueness of Hoi An
The block-off strategy is not applicable there. The Old Quarters, aka Hoi An Ancient Town UNESCO World Heritage Site, is very compact and closed to traffic. Outside of this man-made paradise life goes on in a typical Vietnamese manner: loud, erratic and overrun by motorbikes.
We tried to walk along the streets next to the ancient town. As in any Asian city, the sidewalks belong to parked motorbikes or vendors, so it is impossible to use them for walking. Sharing the street with erratically moving vehicles drove me mad in a few minutes. I found the only one more or less enjoyable walk – along the river. It is picturesque and almost traffic-free.
To access the ancient town, you have to pay a small fee. Evidently, it does not help with Hoi An overtourism problem.
Moreover, I have to admit that the Old Quarter is a dream come true for any aspiring photographer. We took tons of pictures there. They required a lot of patience, creativity, and even some acrobatic skills. The weird thing is that the ancient town looks more charming on those shots than in real life.
Best intentions brought unwelcome results
Hoi An certainly is not a wallflower. The UNESCO World Heritage Site called Hoi An Ancient Town has skyrocketed in popularity and became one of the most sought-after tourist destinations in Vietnam, thanks in-part to glowing reviews on prestigious travel websites.
Travel and Leisure conducted World’s Best Awards survey asking readers to share their opinions on the top airlines, airports, cities, and so forth. Hoi An landed in fifth place among The Top 10 Cities in Asia category.
CNN put it in 8th position on their list of 30 of Vietnam’s most beautiful places with the following accolade: “… located on Vietnam’s central coast, Hoi An is one of the country’s top tourist destinations. But the steady stream of travelers doesn’t take away from the charm of this 15th-century trade port. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Hoi An’s Old Town is brimming with handmade lanterns, rickshaws, graceful low-rise merchant houses, tailor shops, fresh markets and hole-in-the-wall eateries that will transport you to a bygone era.”
These are just a few examples of marketing campaigns targeting potential contributors to Hoi An overtourism.
Without action, in the coming years, the situation would only get worse. It is not too pretty now. The town is one of Vietnam’s biggest tourist draws, crowded, and over-commercialized. It is almost impossible to find a building that is not a shop, a restaurant or a hotel. Hoi An used to be one of the major trading centers in Southeast Asia between the 15th and 19th centuries. Ironically, it seems to be coming back to its trading roots albeit these days it caters for tourists.
Can you improve Hoi An overtourism situation?
Is it better to skip the visit there altogether? I am of two minds about the whole Hoi An overtourism situation. The ancient town is indeed worth a visit. If you have any flexibility with your travel arrangements and do not mind the heat, coming during low season is the best. From May to July, the crowds are thin, and temperatures are around mid-30s Celsius.
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Published: January 2019. Last update: May 2019
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6 thoughts on “Hoi An: What Travel Guides Won’t Tell You”
What a shame, it’s on our list. Overtourism is getting to be a problem everywhere now – we were just in Georgia and couldn’t get over all the tourists visiting churches out in the Georgian countryside. Georgia! And of course it all comes with those damn Instagram selfie shots….
Frankly, Hoi An is overhyped. It is a picturesque site, but you won’t miss much by not going there. If you decide to visit, the best time is very early in the morning before the shops open, and tourist buses descend on the town. Ironically, with closed businesses, the old town looks less appealing. After all, it was a trading post, so bustling activity is the heart and soul of the place. That early, the market would be in full swing with all kind of sea creatures for sale. Arguably, this is the most enjoyable part of the visit to Hoi An.
I first visited Hoi An back in about 2005 and have been back several times since, most recently in 2018. The changes are so dramatic, and very few of them are positive. That said, I will always have a soft spot for Hoi An. I find that visiting town during the late morning or early afternoon gives you a different perspective, as many of the tour buses arrive mid-afternoon.
Thank you for the great tip! We too noticed that the mornings were the best time to walkabout the old city. It was far from empty, but it looked like the only “local” tourists (i.e., those who actually stayed in Hoi An) were around. The buses invasion began a bit later due to the distance they have to travel I guess.
So glad I visited in 2012, Elena. Quiet, peaceful, serene. Nothing like now.
Thank you, Ryan. Interestingly, I read an article in some Vietnamese newspaper where a gentleman (can’t recall his name but he was a party leader of the province back in the day) who is credited as a mastermind behind the current commercial success of Hoi An, warned about dangers of overtourism and proposed some measures to keep it under control. It was 2017. Sadly, it looks like nobody listened to him.